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Le suffrage universel est-il injuste?

Published in Studia Philosophica. 2012, vol. 71, p. 165-186
Abstract Jason Brennan recently argued that universal suffrage is unjust. It gives everyone a say in the collective decision procedure. But not everyone is competent – for we know that voters are often ignorant, irrational, and morally unreasonable. Universal suffrage thus violates what Brennan names the Competence Principle: it is unjust to impose coercitive decisions on innocent people when these decisions are incompetent. Brennan therefore claims that we have a «right to a competent electorate». After having presented Brennan's argument in more detail, the paper adresses one critical question: can an electorate be considered as a collective intentional agent? If not, an electorate cannot have duties. And if it cannot have duties, there is no sensible way to understand Brennan's purported «right to a competent electorate». What is left of Brennan's position is thus rather banal: it is regrettable that some voters are incompetent. And nothing compels us to abandon universal suffrage.
Keywords DémocratieVoteElitismeIntentionnalité collectiveEthiqueOntologie sociale
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Research group Ethique biomédicale (783)
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TAVAGLIONE, Nicolas. Le suffrage universel est-il injuste?. In: Studia Philosophica, 2012, vol. 71, p. 165-186. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25961

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Deposited on : 2013-01-28

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