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Neurosciences et éthique: que nous apprend le dilemme du wagon fou?

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Published in Igitur: arguments philosophiques. 2011, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 1-17
Abstract Contemporary normative ethics is characterized by a debate between two conflic- ting theories, deontologism and utilitarianism. Until recently, this debate has essentially used arguments, objections and thought-experiments of a conceptual nature. Following the progress in neuroimagery, Joshua Greene has introduced empirical elements in the discussion : submitting several subjects to different dilemmas, in particular the trolley problem, he has examined how their brain were reacting. He concluded that deontolo- gists were drawing on their emotions, whereas utilitarians reacted more rationally, and therefore gave a better answer from a moral point of view. Deontologists reasons are even rationalizations and confabulations, rather than authentic moral reasons. Unfortu- nately, if Greene is on the right track in introducing empirical data in this debate, his conclusions are not warranted in my opinion.
Keywords Déontologisme, Utilitarisme, Neuroéthique, Dilemme du wagon fou, Principe des actions à double effet
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Research group Bioéthique générale (781)
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BAERTSCHI, Bernard. Neurosciences et éthique: que nous apprend le dilemme du wagon fou?. In: Igitur: arguments philosophiques, 2011, vol. 3, n° 3, p. 1-17. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25928

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Deposited on : 2013-01-25

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