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Title

An analysis of performance in human locomotion

Authors
Perini, Renza
Published in European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2011, vol. 111, no. 3, p. 391-401
Abstract This paper reports an analysis of the principles underlying human performances on the basis of the work initiated by Pietro Enrico di Prampero. Starting from the concept that the maximal speed that can be attained over a given distance with a given locomotion mode is directly proportional to the maximal sustainable power and inversely proportional to the energy cost of locomotion, we discuss the maximal powers (and capacities) of anaerobic (lactic and alactic) and aerobic metabolisms and the factors that limit them, and the factors affecting the energy cost of various locomotion modes. Special attention is given to the role of air resistance and frictional forces. Finally, computation of performance speed is discussed along the approach originally developed by di Prampero.
Keywords AccelerationAltitudeAthletic Performance/physiologyEnergy Metabolism/physiologyHumansLocomotion/physiologyModels, TheoreticalMuscle Strength/physiologyPhysical Exertion/physiologyPhysical ProcessesRunning/physiology
Identifiers
PMID: 20437056
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Structures
Research group Métabolisme énergétique (642)
Citation
(ISO format)
FERRETTI, Guido, BRINGARD, Aurélien, PERINI, Renza. An analysis of performance in human locomotion. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2011, vol. 111, n° 3, p. 391-401. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25869

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Deposited on : 2013-01-23

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