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Scientific article
Meta-analysis
Open access
English

An analysis of performance in human locomotion

Published inEuropean journal of applied physiology, vol. 111, no. 3, p. 391-401
Collection
  • Open Access - Licence nationale Springer
Publication date2011
Abstract

This paper reports an analysis of the principles underlying human performances on the basis of the work initiated by Pietro Enrico di Prampero. Starting from the concept that the maximal speed that can be attained over a given distance with a given locomotion mode is directly proportional to the maximal sustainable power and inversely proportional to the energy cost of locomotion, we discuss the maximal powers (and capacities) of anaerobic (lactic and alactic) and aerobic metabolisms and the factors that limit them, and the factors affecting the energy cost of various locomotion modes. Special attention is given to the role of air resistance and frictional forces. Finally, computation of performance speed is discussed along the approach originally developed by di Prampero.

Keywords
  • Acceleration
  • Altitude
  • Athletic Performance/physiology
  • Energy Metabolism/physiology
  • Humans
  • Locomotion/physiology
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Muscle Strength/physiology
  • Physical Exertion/physiology
  • Physical Processes
  • Running/physiology
Citation (ISO format)
FERRETTI, Guido, BRINGARD, Aurélien, PERINI, Renza. An analysis of performance in human locomotion. In: European journal of applied physiology, 2011, vol. 111, n° 3, p. 391–401. doi: 10.1007/s00421-010-1482-y
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1439-6319
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289downloads

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