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Cosmological acceleration from structure formation

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Published in International Journal of Modern Physics. D. 2006, vol. 15, p. 2141-2146
Abstract We discuss the Buchert equations, which describe the average expansion of an inhomogeneous dust universe. In the limit of small perturbations, they reduce to the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker equations. However, when the universe is very inhomogeneous, the behaviour can be qualitatively different from the FRW case. In particular, the average expansion rate can accelerate even though the local expansion rate decelerates everywhere. We clarify the physical meaning of this paradoxical feature with a simple toy model, and demonstrate how acceleration is intimately connected with gravitational collapse. This provides a link to structure formation, which in turn has a preferred time around the era when acceleration has been observed to start.
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Note awarded honorable mention in the 2006 Gravity Research Foundation essay competition
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RASANEN, Syksy. Cosmological acceleration from structure formation. In: International Journal of Modern Physics. D, 2006, vol. 15, p. 2141-2146. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:2561

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Deposited on : 2009-08-31

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