UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:25413  next document
add to browser collection
Title

Born with an ear for dialects? Structural plasticity in the expert phonetician brain

Authors
Price, Cathy J
Scott, Sophie K
Published in Journal of Neuroscience. 2011, vol. 31, no. 11, p. 4213-20
Abstract Are experts born with particular predispositions, or are they made through experience? We examined brain structure in expert phoneticians, individuals who are highly trained to analyze and transcribe speech. We found a positive correlation between the size of left pars opercularis and years of phonetic transcription training experience, illustrating how learning may affect brain structure. Phoneticians were also more likely to have multiple or split left transverse gyri in the auditory cortex than nonexpert controls, and the amount of phonetic transcription training did not predict auditory cortex morphology. The transverse gyri are thought to be established in utero; our results thus suggest that this gross morphological difference may have existed before the onset of phonetic training, and that its presence confers an advantage of sufficient magnitude to affect career choices. These results suggest complementary influences of domain-specific predispositions and experience-dependent brain malleability, influences that likely interact in determining not only how experience shapes the human brain but also why some individuals become engaged by certain fields of expertise.
Keywords AdultBrain/anatomy & histologyFemaleHumansImage Processing, Computer-AssistedLanguageMagnetic Resonance ImagingMaleMiddle AgedNeuronal Plasticity/physiologyPhoneticsSpeech Perception/physiology
Identifiers
PMID: 21411662
Full text
Article (Published version) (903 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Structures
Research groups Organisation et plasticité des réseaux neuronaux cérébraux (148)
Brain and Language Lab (926)
Citation
(ISO format)
GOLESTANI, Narly, PRICE, Cathy J, SCOTT, Sophie K. Born with an ear for dialects? Structural plasticity in the expert phonetician brain. In: Journal of Neuroscience, 2011, vol. 31, n° 11, p. 4213-20. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25413

200 hits

1 download

Update

Deposited on : 2013-01-11

Export document
Format :
Citation style :