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Title

The Absence of the Vomer in the First and Early Second Trimester of Pregnancy - A New Marker of Trisomy 21 and Trisomy 13

Authors
Mihailovic, T
Terzic, M
Dmitrovic, A
Micic, J
Published in Ultraschall in der Medizin. 2011
Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure the two frontomaxillo-facial (FMF) angles: the FMF-vomer (FMF-v) and the FMF-palate (FMF-p), and to visualize the vomer in the 1 (st) and early 2 (nd) trimester, in order to ascertain whether they can be used as markers for trisomy 21 and trisomy 13. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 2D ultrasound scan was performed in the 340 normal and 12 abnormal pregnancies, using the linear, convex and endovaginal probes. RESULTS: We visualized the FMF angles within 1 to 5 minutes in 253 (72 %) of cases by using the linear probe. FMF-v angle was significantly smaller that the FMF-p angle (79.8° vs. 89.7°, 71.5° vs. 84.5° for the two trimesters, respectively), and that the value of both angles decreased in the second trimester. There was not one single case of trisomy in which vomer could be identified in the 1 (st) and early 2 (nd) trimester. The FMF-p angle failed to present difference between normal cases and the ones with trisomy (89.5°). There was not one single case of trisomy (21 or 13) in which vomer or FMF-v could be identified in the first or early second trimester. The diagnostic accuracy of vomer as a marker for trisomy was 0.985. CONCLUSION: If the vomer cannot be visualized in the 1 (st) and early 2 (nd) trimester, it is important to check the karyotype, and it is not necessary to measure the FMF-p angle. The high resolution probe (L 12 - 5 Mhz) enables easier assessment of the vomer.
Identifiers
PMID: 21294068
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Research group Anatomie clinique (134)
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MIHAILOVIC, T et al. The Absence of the Vomer in the First and Early Second Trimester of Pregnancy - A New Marker of Trisomy 21 and Trisomy 13. In: Ultraschall in der Medizin, 2011. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25329

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Deposited on : 2013-01-10

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