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Tropomyosin variants describe distinct functional subcellular domains in differentiated vascular smooth muscle cells

Gallant, Cynthia
Appel, Sarah
Graceffa, Philip
Leavis, Paul
Lin, Jim Jung-Ching
Gunning, Peter W
Schevzov, Galina
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Published in American journal of physiology. Cell physiology. 2011, vol. 300, no. 6, p. C1356-65
Abstract Tropomyosin (Tm) is known to be an important gatekeeper of actin function. Tm isoforms are encoded by four genes, and each gene produces several variants by alternative splicing, which have been proposed to play roles in motility, proliferation, and apoptosis. Smooth muscle studies have focused on gizzard smooth muscle, where a heterodimer of Tm from the α-gene (Tmsm-α) and from the β-gene (Tmsm-β) is associated with contractile filaments. In this study we examined Tm in differentiated mammalian vascular smooth muscle (dVSM). Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC MS/MS) analysis and Western blot screening with variant-specific antibodies revealed that at least five different Tm proteins are expressed in this tissue: Tm6 (Tmsm-α) and Tm2 from the α-gene, Tm1 (Tmsm-β) from the β-gene, Tm5NM1 from the γ-gene, and Tm4 from the δ-gene. Tm6 is by far most abundant in dVSM followed by Tm1, Tm2, Tm5NM1, and Tm4. Coimmunoprecipitation and coimmunofluorescence studies demonstrate that Tm1 and Tm6 coassociate with different actin isoforms and display different intracellular localizations. Using an antibody specific for cytoplasmic γ-actin, we report here the presence of a γ-actin cortical cytoskeleton in dVSM cells. Tm1 colocalizes with cortical cytoplasmic γ-actin and coprecipitates with γ-actin. Tm6, on the other hand, is located on contractile bundles. These data indicate that Tm1 and Tm6 do not form a classical heterodimer in dVSM but rather describe different functional cellular compartments.
Keywords Actins/genetics/metabolismAmino Acid SequenceAnimalsCell Differentiation/physiologyChickensFerretsHumansMolecular Sequence DataMuscle, Smooth, Vascular/cytologyMyocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology/physiologyProtein BindingProtein Isoforms/chemistry/genetics/metabolismSequence AlignmentTropomyosin/chemistry/genetics/metabolism
PMID: 21289288
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Research group Groupe Christine Chaponnier (pathologie et immunologie) (171)
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GALLANT, Cynthia et al. Tropomyosin variants describe distinct functional subcellular domains in differentiated vascular smooth muscle cells. In: American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 2011, vol. 300, n° 6, p. C1356-65. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00450.2010 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25326

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Deposited on : 2013-01-10

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