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Top-down effects on early visual processing in humans: a predictive coding framework

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Published in Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2011, vol. 35, no. 5, p. 1237-53
Abstract An increasing number of human electroencephalography (EEG) studies examining the earliest component of the visual evoked potential, the so-called C1, have cast doubts on the previously prevalent notion that this component is impermeable to top-down effects. This article reviews the original studies that (i) described the C1, (ii) linked it to primary visual cortex (V1) activity, and (iii) suggested that its electrophysiological characteristics are exclusively determined by low-level stimulus attributes, particularly the spatial position of the stimulus within the visual field. We then describe conflicting evidence from animal studies and human neuroimaging experiments and provide an overview of recent EEG and magnetoencephalography (MEG) work showing that initial V1 activity in humans may be strongly modulated by higher-level cognitive factors. Finally, we formulate a theoretical framework for understanding top-down effects on early visual processing in terms of predictive coding.
Keywords AnimalsAttention/physiologyBrain MappingElectroencephalographyElectromyographyHumansLearning/physiologyMagnetoencephalographyModels, BiologicalVision, Ocular/physiologyVisual Cortex/physiologyVisual Pathways/physiology
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PMID: 21185860
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Research group Neuroimagerie du Sommeil et de la Cognition (832)
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RAUSS, Karsten, SCHWARTZ, Sophie, POURTOIS, Gilles. Top-down effects on early visual processing in humans: a predictive coding framework. In: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 2011, vol. 35, n° 5, p. 1237-53. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25250

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Deposited on : 2013-01-09

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