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Quand le coeur et/ou les poumons défaillent : oxygénation extracorporelle par «ECMO»

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Published in Revue médicale suisse. 2011, vol. 7, no. 321, p. 2444-51
Abstract The Extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was initially proposed as a technique of respiratory support using an external membrane oxygenator. With time, it has also become a technique of cardiorespiratory support to ensure both gas exchange and organ perfusion until the restoration of organs function. This technical assistance can be central or peripheral and provides a partial or total circulatory support. The circuit includes a non occlusive centrifugal pump, an oxygenator for an enrichment of O2 and elimination of CO2 and cannulas for drainage and re-injection. Recently, the establishment of such assistance became possible percutaneously, allowing it to be initiated at the intensive care bedside or even before in-hospital admission.
Keywords Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/adverse effects/instrumentation/methods/rehabilitationHeart/physiopathologyHeart Failure/etiology/therapyHumansIntensive Care UnitsLung/physiopathologyRecovery of Function/physiologyRespiratory Insufficiency/etiology/therapy
PMID: 22279863
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Research groups Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire (105)
Dysfonctions cardio-pulmonaires et cérébrales (278)
Réanimation respiratoire (924)
Groupe de recherche en hémodynamique (913)
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GIRAUD, Raphaël et al. Quand le coeur et/ou les poumons défaillent : oxygénation extracorporelle par «ECMO». In: Revue médicale suisse, 2011, vol. 7, n° 321, p. 2444-51. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25056

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Deposited on : 2013-01-07

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