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Do NK cells contribute to the pathophysiology of transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy?

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Published in American Journal of Transplantation. 2011, vol. 11, no. 8, p. 1748-52
Abstract Transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a life-threatening complication caused by the aggregation of platelets exposed to the thrombogenic subendothelial matrix of injured endothelial cells. Here, we present a case of a patient transplanted for idiopathic aplastic anemia with a T-cell depleted hematopoietic stem cell graft from an HLA-C mismatched unrelated donor. At day 7 posttransplant, she suffered from acute renal failure with hematuria. The presence of numerous schistocytes, an increased level of lactate dehydrogenase and a renal biopsy with multiple vascular injuries confirmed the diagnosis of severe TA-TMA. At day 14, she developed graft versus host disease and died 7 months posttransplantation of multiorgan failure. At day 15, we observed a sizable population of natural killer (NK) cells in the peripheral blood, the number of which reached 0.8 G/L at 4 months posttransplant. Most NK cells lacked inhibitory killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) specific for the KIR-ligands expressed in the patient. NK cells were also abundantly present in pericardial and pleural fluids and had invaded the kidney, where they colocalized with the renal vasculopathy. Because there are several mechanisms through which NK cells and platelets can activate each other reciprocally, it is conceivable that NK cells contribute to TA-TMA and its progression.
Keywords Anemia, Aplastic/surgeryChildFatal OutcomeFemaleHematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effectsHumansKiller Cells, Natural/immunologyThrombotic Microangiopathies/etiology/immunology/physiopathology
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PMID: 21714846
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Structures
Research groups Analyse protéomique et Analyse génomique des maladies rénales (659)
Pathogénèse du syndrome néphrotique idiopathique de l'enfant (180)
Groupe Ozsahin Ayse Hulya (onco-hémato pédiatrie) (889)
Plateforme d'oncologie et d'hématologie pédiatrique (907)
Groupe Roosnek Eddy (hémato-oncologie) (19)
Project FNS: 310030-127516
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ANSARI DJABERI, Marc Georges et al. Do NK cells contribute to the pathophysiology of transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy?. In: American Journal of Transplantation, 2011, vol. 11, n° 8, p. 1748-52. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:24796

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Deposited on : 2012-12-20

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