Scientific article
Case report

Late adult onset of Langerhans cell histiocytosis mimicking glioblastoma multiforme

Published inJournal of the neurological sciences, vol. 301, no. 1-2, p. 96-99
Publication date2011

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) with multiple organ involvement is a rare disorder in adults. Extrapituitary involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is uncommon. We report the unusual case of a 55-year-old woman presenting with a left-sided hemiataxia-hemiparesis, left hemisensory loss and short-lasting episodes of an alien left hand due to lesions of the internal capsule and the right thalamus, extending into the mesencephalon associated with extensive surrounding edema, without pituitary involvement. The neuroradiological image suggested glioblastoma multiforme. Brain biopsy revealed inflammatory tissue and "pseudotumoral" multiple sclerosis was suspected. Biopsy of concomitant lung and bone lesions disclosed Langerhans cell histiocytosis. The treatment with pulsed steroids in association with mycophenolate mofetil led to a sustained, clinical neurological remission.

  • Age of Onset
  • Alien Hand Syndrome/etiology
  • Biopsy
  • Bone and Bones/pathology
  • Brain/pathology
  • Brain Diseases/complications/diagnosis/drug therapy
  • Brain Neoplasms/diagnosis
  • Cerebellar Ataxia/etiology
  • Dexamethasone/administration & dosage/therapeutic use
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Glioblastoma/diagnosis
  • Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/complications/diagnosis/drug therapy/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Lung/pathology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Sclerosis/diagnosis
  • Mycophenolic Acid/administration & dosage/analogs & derivatives/therapeutic use
  • Paresis/etiology
Citation (ISO format)
PERREN, Fabienne et al. Late adult onset of Langerhans cell histiocytosis mimicking glioblastoma multiforme. In: Journal of the neurological sciences, 2011, vol. 301, n° 1-2, p. 96–99. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2010.11.006
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0022-510X

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