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SERPINA1 gene variants in individuals from the general population with reduced alpha1-antitrypsin concentrations

Zorzetto, Michele
Russi, Erich
Senn, Olivier
Imboden, Medea
Ferrarotti, Ilaria
Tinelli, Carmine
Campo, Ilaria
Ottaviani, Stefania
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Published in Clinical chemistry. 2008, vol. 54, no. 8, p. 1331-8
Abstract BACKGROUND: Individuals with severe deficiency in serum alpha(1)-antitrypsin (AAT) concentrations are at high risk for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), whereas those carrying the PI*MZ genotype are at slightly increased risk. Testing appropriate subgroups of the population for AAT deficiency (AATD) is therefore an important aspect of COPD prevention and timely treatment. We decided to perform an exhaustive investigation of SERPINA1 gene variants in individuals from the general population with a moderately reduced serum AAT concentration, because such information is currently unavailable. METHODS: We determined the Z and S alleles of 1399 individuals enrolled in the Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA) with serum AAT concentrations < or = 1.13 g/L and submitted 423 of these samples for complete exon 2-->5 sequencing. RESULTS: We found that 900 of 1399 samples (64%), carried the normal PI*MM genotype, whereas 499 samples (36%) carried at least 1 SERPINA1 deficiency variant. In the subpopulations in which AAT concentrations ranged from > 1.03 to < or = 1.13 and from > 0.93 to < or = 1.03 g/L, individuals with the PI*MM genotype represented the majority (86.5% and 53.8%, respectively). The PI*MS genotype was predominant (54.9%) in the AAT range of 0.83 to 0.93 g/L, whereas PI*MZ represented 76.4% in the AAT range of > 0.73 to < or = 0.83 g/L. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis provided a detailed molecular definition of intermediate AATD, which would be helpful in the diagnostic setting.
Keywords AdolescentAdultCohort StudiesCross-Sectional StudiesGenetic VariationHumansMiddle AgedPulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/blood/geneticsAlpha 1-Antitrypsin/bloodAlpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency/blood/epidemiology/genetics
PMID: 18515255
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Other version: http://www.clinchem.org/cgi/content/full/54/8/1331
Research groups SAPALDIA Team
Pneumologie Clinique (576)
L'épithélium respiratoire (852)
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ZORZETTO, Michele et al. SERPINA1 gene variants in individuals from the general population with reduced alpha1-antitrypsin concentrations. In: Clinical chemistry, 2008, vol. 54, n° 8, p. 1331-8. doi: 10.1373/clinchem.2007.102798 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:2420

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Deposited on : 2009-08-12

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