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HDL-associated paraoxonase-1 can redistribute to cell membranes and influence sensitivity to oxidative stress

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Published in Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 2011, vol. 50, no. 1, p. 102-9
Abstract Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated serum enzyme thought to make a major contribution to the antioxidant capacity of the lipoprotein. In previous studies, we proposed that HDL promoted PON1 secretion by transfer of the enzyme from its plasma membrane location to HDL transiently anchored to the hepatocyte. This study examined whether PON1 can be transferred into cell membranes and retain its enzymatic activities and functions. Using Chinese hamster ovary and human endothelial cells, we found that recombinant PON1 as well as PON1 associated with purified human HDL was freely exchanged between the external medium and the cell membranes. Transferred PON1 was located in the external face of the plasma membrane of the cells in an enzymatically active form. The transfer of PON1 led to a gain of function by the target cells, as revealed by significantly reduced susceptibility to oxidative stress and significantly increased ability to neutralize the bacterial virulence agent 3-oxo-C(12)-homoserine lactone. The data demonstrate that PON1 is not a fixed component of HDL and suggest that the enzyme could also exert its protective functions outside the lipoprotein environment. The observations may be of relevance to tissues exposed to oxidative stress and/or bacterial infection.
Keywords AnimalsAryldialkylphosphatase/metabolism/physiologyCHO CellsCell Membrane/metabolismCells, CulturedCricetinaeCricetulusCyclodextrins/metabolismCytoprotection/physiologyHumansLipoproteins, HDL/metabolismOxidative Stress/physiologyProtein Transport/physiologyScavenger Receptors, Class B/metabolismTissue Distribution
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PMID: 20850524
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Research groups Bochaton-Piallat Marie-Luce (pathologie et immunologie) (646)
Lipoprotéines sériques (598)
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DEAKIN, Sara Patricia et al. HDL-associated paraoxonase-1 can redistribute to cell membranes and influence sensitivity to oxidative stress. In: Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 2011, vol. 50, n° 1, p. 102-9. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:24169

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Deposited on : 2012-11-21

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