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Chronic active gastritis in X-linked lymphoproliferative disease

Rougemont, Anne-Laure
Fournet, Jean-Christophe
Martin, Steven R.
de Saint-Basile, Geneviève
Latour, Sylvain
Primeau, Marie-Noël
Haddad, Elie
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Published in American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 2008, vol. 32, no. 2, p. 323-8
Abstract Gastric lesions in primary constitutive immune deficiencies include multifocal atrophic gastritis, erosive pangastritis, and a pattern of gastric lesions reminiscent of graft-versus-host disease. We describe the genetic anomalies in 2 monozygotic twins with an X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP; MIM 308240), a rare familial setting of high susceptibility to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Since early childhood, both twin brothers exhibited a severe chronic active atrophic pangastritis. A germline screening of the SH2D1A (MIM 300490) and BIRC4 (MIM 300079) genes was performed, and also a high-resolution whole-genome SNP profiling (Infinium Sentrix Human-1 Genotyping BeadChip, Illumina). A 3 Megabase deletion in the Xq25 region, encompassing the SH2D1A gene, was defined by SNP array genotyping. Histologic analysis of yearly or twice yearly gastric biopsies in both children showed a Helicobacter pylori-negative, Epstein-Barr virus-negative chronic active atrophic pangastritis, with superficial ulcer formation, foveolar hyperplasia, glandular dilatation and ultimately pseudopyloric and intestinal metaplasia. No such chronic active inflammatory gastric lesions have been reported to date in XLP. The similarities between XLP and common variable immunodeficiency (MIM 240500) underscore the need for early recognition and close monitoring of these gastric lesions, with special regard to their neoplastic potential. No infectious cause was determined. We favor a dysimmune mechanism in the development of this chronic atrophic gastritis, presenting a striking similarity to the recently described atrophic autoimmune pangastritis.
Keywords AdolescentChromosomes, Human, XChronic DiseaseDiseases in Twins/genetics/immunology/pathologyGastritis/genetics/immunology/pathologyGenetic Predisposition to DiseaseHumansIntracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/geneticsLymphoproliferative Disorders/genetics/pathologyMalePolymorphism, Single NucleotideSevere Combined Immunodeficiency/genetics/pathologyTwins, Monozygotic
PMID: 18223336
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Research group Métastases du foie (657)
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ROUGEMONT, Anne-Laure et al. Chronic active gastritis in X-linked lymphoproliferative disease. In: American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 2008, vol. 32, n° 2, p. 323-8. doi: 10.1097/PAS.0b013e318141fca1 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:2378

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Deposited on : 2009-08-10

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