UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:23523  next document
add to browser collection
Title

In Vitro Sonothrombolysis of Human Blood Clots with BR38 Microbubbles

Authors
Gaud, Emmanuel
Colevret, Delphine
Arditi, Marcel
Yan, Feng
Tranquart, François
Published in Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. 2012, vol. 38, no. 7, p. 1222-1233
Abstract Microbubble-mediated sonothrombolysis is a promising approach for ischemic stroke treatment. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate a new microbubble (MB) formulation (BR38) for sonothrombolysis and to investigate the involved mechanisms. Human whole-blood clots were exposed to different combinations of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA), ultrasound (US) and MB. Ultrasound at 1.6 MHz was used at 150, 300, 600 and 1000 kPa (peak-negative pressure). Thrombolysis efficacy was assessed by measuring clot diameter changes during 60-min US exposure. The rate of clot diameter loss (RDL) in mu m/min was determined and clot lysis profiles were analyzed. The most efficient clot lysis (5.9 mu m/min) was obtained at acoustic pressures of 600 and 1000 kPa in combination with MB and a low concentration of rtPA (0.3 mu g/mL). This is comparable with the rate obtained with rtPA at 3 mu g/mL alone (6.6 mm/min, p > 0.05). Clot lysis profiles were shown to be related to US beam profiles and microbubble cavitation. (E-mail: benedicte.petit@unige.ch) (C) 2012 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.
Keywords TISSUE-PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATORACUTE ISCHEMIC-STROKEULTRASOUND-ACCELERATED THROMBOLYSISCEREBRAL-ARTERIESCAVITATIONAL MECHANISMSENHANCED THROMBOLYSISINERTIAL CAVITATION2-MHZ ULTRASOUNDCONTRAST AGENTSMODEL
Identifiers
Full text
Structures
Research group Technologie pharmaceutique
Citation
(ISO format)
PETIT, Bénédicte et al. In Vitro Sonothrombolysis of Human Blood Clots with BR38 Microbubbles. In: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 2012, vol. 38, n° 7, p. 1222-1233. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:23523

283 hits

4 downloads

Update

Deposited on : 2012-10-23

Export document
Format :
Citation style :