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Self-Focused Attention, Perspective-Taking, and False Consensus

Wicklund, Robert A.
Published in Social Psychology. 2009, vol. 40, no. 2, p. 66-72
Abstract A quasi-experimental study examined the effects of self-focused attention on acknowledging or ignoring others' perspectives. University students scoring high vs. low in private and public self-focus estimated the opinion of a fellow student. For these estimates, a relevant cue for the fellow student's most probable opinion was provided or not. The results replicate earlier studies that have demonstrated that attention focused on the self enhances perspective-taking and reduces egocentrism when a cue for others' perspectives is provided: High private self-focus (self-awareness) turned out to further perspective-taking and, thus, to reduce egocentrism under the critical condition of a cue being presented for the other's perspective. These results, as well as earlier research, contradict findings by Fenigstein and Abrams (1993), which were interpreted as showing that self-focus enhances egocentrism in a false consensus paradigm.
Keywords Self-focusPerspective-takingEgocentrism
Full text
Research groups Affective sciences
Geneva Motivation Lab
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GENDOLLA, Guido H.E., WICKLUND, Robert A. Self-Focused Attention, Perspective-Taking, and False Consensus. In: Social Psychology, 2009, vol. 40, n° 2, p. 66-72. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:22037

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Deposited on : 2012-08-14

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