Scientific article
Open access

Do Hv1 proton channels regulate the ionic and redox homeostasis of phagosomes?

Published inMolecular and cellular endocrinology, vol. 353, no. 1-2, p. 82-87
Publication date2012

Recent work on animal models has revealed the important role played by the voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 during bacterial killing by innate immune cells. Studies from mice lacking Hv1 channels showed that Hv1 proton channels are required for high-level production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by the NADPH oxidase of phagocytes (NOX2) in two ways. First, Hv1 channels maintain a physiological membrane potential during the respiratory burst of neutrophils by providing a compensating charge for the electrons transferred by NOX2 from NADPH to superoxide. Second, Hv1 channels maintain a physiological cytosolic pH by extruding the acid generated by the NOX2-dependent consumption of NADPH. The two mechanisms directly sustain the activity of the NOX2 enzyme and indirectly sustain other neutrophil functions by enhancing the driving force for the entry of calcium into cells, thereby boosting cellular calcium signals. The increased depolarization of Hv1-deficient neutrophils aborted calcium responses to chemoattractants and revealed adhesion and migration defects that were associated with an impaired depolymerization of the cortical actin cytoskeleton. Current research aims to transpose these findings to phagosomes, the phagocytic vacuoles where bacterial killing takes place. However, the mechanisms that control the phagosomal pH appear to vary greatly between phagocytes: phagosomes rapidly acidify in macrophages but remain neutral for several minutes in neutrophils following ingestion of solid particles, whereas in dendritic cells phagosomes alkalinize, a mechanism thought to promote antigen cross-presentation. In this review, we discuss how the knowledge gained on the role of Hv1 channels at the plasma membrane of neutrophils can be used to study the regulation of the phagosomal pH, ROS, membrane potential, and calcium fluxes in different phagocytic cells.

Citation (ISO format)
CHEMALY, Antoine, DEMAUREX, Nicolas. Do Hv1 proton channels regulate the ionic and redox homeostasis of phagosomes? In: Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 2012, vol. 353, n° 1-2, p. 82–87. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2011.10.005
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0303-7207

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