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Cognitive Development: Enrichment or Impoverishment ? How to Conciliate Psychological and Neurobiological Models of Development

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Published in Hauert, C.-A. Developmental Psychology: Cognitive, Perceptuo-Motor and Neuropsychological Perspectives. Amsterdam: North Holland. 1990, p. 389-414
Collection Advances in Psychology; 64
Abstract This chapter compares two conceptions of cognitive development. The psychological model called "enrichment" considers development as a shift from elementary to complex behaviors by means of mechanisms of coordination. The neurobiological model called "impoverishment" describes the opposite shift by means of selective mechanisms for adaptation. An interpretation based on a combination of these two models is suggested. From Edelman's neurobiological theory and Harnad's psychological one, the development of categorization skills is presented as the "groundwork of cognition". Finally, it is argued that the development of categories is accompanied by qualitative shifts usually ignored in contemporary research.
Keywords Cognitive development as enrichment or impoverishmentDevelopmental changes in categorization skillsCognitive functionsQualitative shiftsMechanisms of coordinationParallel Distributed ProcessingSelective mechanisms for adaptationIconic representationsCategorical representationsEdelman's neurobiological theoryHarnad's psychological theory of categorization
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MOUNOUD, Pierre. Cognitive Development: Enrichment or Impoverishment ? How to Conciliate Psychological and Neurobiological Models of Development. In: Hauert, C.-A. (Ed.). Developmental Psychology: Cognitive, Perceptuo-Motor and Neuropsychological Perspectives. Amsterdam : North Holland, 1990. p. 389-414. (Advances in Psychology; 64) https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:21513

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