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How nutritional risk is assessed and managed in European hospitals: a survey of 21,007 patients findings from the 2007-2008 cross-sectional nutritionDay survey
|Published in||Clinical Nutrition. 2010, vol. 29, no. 5, p. 552-559|
|Abstract||BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recognition and treatment of undernutrition in hospitalized patients are not often a priority in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: We investigated how the nutritional risk of patients is determined and whether such assessment influences daily nutritional care across Europe and in Israeli hospitals. METHODS: 1217 units from 325 hospitals in 25 countries with 21,007 patients participated in a longitudinal survey "nutritionDay" 2007/2008 undertaken in Europe and Israel. Screening practice, the type of tools used and whether energy requirements and intake are assessed and monitored were surveyed using standardized questionnaires. RESULTS: Fifty-two percent (range 21-73%) of the units in the different regions reported a screening routine which was most often performed with locally developed methods and less often with national tools, the Nutrition Risk Screening-2002, or the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool. Twenty-seven percent of the patients were subjectively classified as being "at nutritional risk", with substantial differences existing between regions. Independent factors influencing the classification of nutritional risk included age, BMI <18.5 kg/m(2), unintentional weight loss, reduced food intake in the previous week and on nutritionDay (for all parameters, p < 0.0001). The energy goal was defined as ≥ 1500 kcal in 76% of the patients, but 43% of patients did not reach this goal. CONCLUSIONS: The process of nutrition risk assessment varied between units and countries. Additionally, energy goals were frequently not met. More effort is needed to implement current guidelines within daily clinical practice.|
|Keywords||Aged — Aged, 80 and over — Cross-Sectional Studies — *Diet — Energy Intake — Europe — Female — Hospitals — Humans — Israel — Longitudinal Studies — Male — Malnutrition/*diet therapy — Middle Aged — Nutrition Surveys/*methods — *Nutritional Status — *Questionnaires — Risk Assessment/methods|
|Research group||Nutrition clinique (597)|
|SCHINDLER, Karin et al. How nutritional risk is assessed and managed in European hospitals: a survey of 21,007 patients findings from the 2007-2008 cross-sectional nutritionDay survey. In: Clinical Nutrition, 2010, vol. 29, n° 5, p. 552-559. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:21297|