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Scientific article
English

Brain serotonergic circuitries

Published inDialogues in clinical neuroscience, vol. 12, no. 4, p. 471-487
Publication date2010
Abstract

Brain serotonergic circuitries interact with other neurotransmitter systems on a multitude of different molecular levels. In humans, as in other mammalian species, serotonin (5-HT) plays a modulatory role in almost every physiological function. Furthermore, serotonergic dysfunction is thought to be implicated in several psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. We describe the neuroanatomy and neurochemistry of brain serotonergic circuitries. The contribution of emergent in vivo imaging methods to the regional localization of binding site receptors and certain aspects of their functional connectivity in correlation to behavior is also discussed. 5-HT cell bodies, mainly localized in the raphe nuclei, send axons to almost every brain region. It is argued that the specificity of the local chemocommunication between 5-HT and other neuronal elements mainly depends on mechanisms regulating the extracellular concentration of 5-HT the diversity of high-affinity membrane receptors, and their specific transduction modalities.

Keywords
  • Animals
  • Brain/*anatomy & histology/*metabolism
  • Humans
  • Nerve Net/metabolism
  • Neural Pathways/metabolism
  • Neuroanatomy
  • Neurochemistry
  • Receptors, Serotonin/*metabolism
  • Serotonin/*metabolism
Citation (ISO format)
CHARNAY, Yves, LEGER, Lucienne. Brain serotonergic circuitries. In: Dialogues in clinical neuroscience, 2010, vol. 12, n° 4, p. 471–487.
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ISSN of the journal1294-8322
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