en
Scientific article
Review
English

Allergic triggers in atopic dermatitis

Published inImmunology and allergy clinics of North America, vol. 30, no. 3, p. 289-307
Publication date2010
Abstract

Food or environmental allergens play a significant pathogenic role in a subgroup of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and can trigger eczema flares. This review focuses on when and which diagnostic and allergen-avoidance measures are beneficial. Diagnosis of allergic triggers may be aided by skin-prick tests measuring serum-specific IgE and/or atopy patch tests (APT) based on the patient's history, and when necessary, oral food challenges (OFC). In a subset of patients, therapeutic measures, such as elimination of the incriminated allergen(s), can lead to marked improvement of AD; this is especially true for food allergens, but can also apply to inhalant allergens.

Keywords
  • Allergens/*immunology
  • Animals
  • Dermatitis, Atopic/complications/*diagnosis/immunology/therapy
  • *Desensitization, Immunologic
  • Food Habits
  • Food Hypersensitivity/complications/*diagnosis/immunology/therapy
  • Humans
  • Immunization
  • Immunoglobulin E/immunology
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Respiratory Hypersensitivity/complications/*diagnosis/immunology/therapy
  • Skin Tests
Citation (ISO format)
CAUBET, Jean-Christoph, EIGENMANN, Philippe. Allergic triggers in atopic dermatitis. In: Immunology and allergy clinics of North America, 2010, vol. 30, n° 3, p. 289–307. doi: 10.1016/j.iac.2010.06.002
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ISSN of the journal0889-8561
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