en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Markers of inflammation, coagulation, and renal function are elevated in adults with HIV infection

Published inThe Journal of infectious diseases, vol. 201, no. 12, p. 1788-1795
Publication date2010
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication and immune activation may increase inflammation and coagulation biomarkers. Limited data exist comparing such biomarkers in persons with and without HIV infection. METHODS: For persons 45-76 years of age, levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin (IL)-6, D-dimer, and cystatin C were compared in 494 HIV-infected individuals in the Strategies for Management of Anti-Retroviral Therapy (SMART) study and 5386 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) study. For persons 33-44 years of age, hsCRP and IL-6 levels were compared in 287 participants in the SMART study and 3231 participants in the Coronary Artery Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. RESULTS: hsCRP and IL-6 levels were 55% (P < . 001) and 62 (P < . 001) higher among HIV-infected participants than among CARDIA study participants. Compared with levels noted in MESA study participants, hsCRP, IL-6, D-dimer, and cystatin C levels were 50%, 152%, 94%, and 27% higher, respectively (P < . 001, for each), among HIV-infected participants. HIV-infected participants receiving antiretroviral therapy who had HIV RNA levels 400 copies/mL had levels higher (by 21% to 60%) (P < . 001) than those in the general population, for all biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS: hsCRP, IL-6, D-dimer, and cystatin C levels are elevated in persons with HIV infection and remain so even after HIV RNA levels are suppressed with antiretroviral therapy. Additional research is needed on the pathophysiology of HIV-induced activation of inflammatory and coagulation pathways, to guide potential interventions.

Keywords
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use
  • Biological Markers
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders/*pathology
  • C-Reactive Protein/analysis
  • Cystatin C/blood
  • Female
  • Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis
  • HIV Infections/*complications/drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Inflammation/*pathology
  • Interleukin-6/blood
  • Kidney Diseases/*pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Viral Load
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
NEUHAUS, Jacqueline et al. Markers of inflammation, coagulation, and renal function are elevated in adults with HIV infection. In: The Journal of infectious diseases, 2010, vol. 201, n° 12, p. 1788–1795. doi: 10.1086/652749
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Article (Accepted version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0022-1899
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