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PAR-6 levels are regulated by NOS-3 in a CUL-2 dependent manner in Caenorhabditiselegans

Pacquelet, A.
Zanin, E.
Ashiono, C.
Published in Developmental biology. 2008, vol. 319, no. 2, p. 267-72
Abstract The PAR proteins have an essential and conserved function in establishing polarity in many cell types and organisms. However, their key upstream regulators remain to be identified. In C. elegans, regulators of the PAR proteins can be identified by their ability to suppress the lethality of par-2 mutant embryos. Here we show that a nos-3 loss of function mutant suppresses the lethality of par-2 mutants by regulating PAR-6 protein levels. The suppression requires the activity of the sex determination genes fem-1/2/3 and of the cullin cul-2. FEM-1 is a substrate-specific adaptor for a CUL-2-based ubiquitin ligase (CBC(FEM-1)). Interestingly, we find that CUL-2 is required for the regulation of PAR-6 levels and that PAR-6 physically interacts with FEM-1. Our data strongly suggest that PAR-6 levels are regulated by the CBC(FEM-1) ubiquitin ligase thereby uncovering a novel role for the FEM proteins and cullin-dependent degradation in regulating PAR proteins and polarity processes.
Keywords AnimalsCaenorhabditis elegans/cytology/embryology/growth & development/physiologyCaenorhabditis elegans Proteins/genetics/metabolismCell Culture TechniquesCell Cycle Proteins/genetics/metabolismCell Polarity/physiologyCullin Proteins/geneticsEmbryo, Nonmammalian/cytology/physiologyGene Expression Regulation, DevelopmentalGenes, LethalHomeostasisPhenotypeRNA InterferenceSuppression, GeneticTransfection
PMID: 18502413
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Research group La division asymétrique (847)
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PACQUELET, A. et al. PAR-6 levels are regulated by NOS-3 in a CUL-2 dependent manner in Caenorhabditiselegans. In: Developmental biology, 2008, vol. 319, n° 2, p. 267-72. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.04.016 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:2063

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Deposited on : 2009-06-17

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