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Endosome-mitochondria juxtaposition during apoptosis induced by H. pylori VacA

Calore, F.
Genisset, C.
Casellato, A.
Rossato, M.
Codolo, G.
Esposti, M. D.
de Bernard, M.
Published in Cell Death and Differentiation. 2010, vol. 17, no. 11, p. 1707-1716
Abstract The vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) is an important virulence factor of Helicobacter pylori with pleiotropic effects on mammalian cells, including the ability to trigger mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. However, the mechanism by which VacA exerts its apoptotic function is unclear. Using a genetic approach, in this study we show that killing by VacA requires the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members BAX and BAK at the mitochondrial level, but not adequate endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2)(+) levels, similarly controlled by BAX and BAK. A combination of subcellular fractionation and imaging shows that wild-type VacA, but not mutants in its channel-forming region, induces the accumulation of BAX on endosomes and endosome-mitochondria juxtaposition that precedes the retrieval of active BAX on mitochondria. It is noteworthy that in Bax- and Bak-deficient cells, VacA is unable to cause endosome-mitochondria juxtaposition and is not retrieved in mitochondria. Thus, VacA causes BAX/BAK-dependent juxtaposition of endosomes and mitochondria early in the process of cell death, revealing a new function for these proapoptotic proteins in the regulation of relative position of organelles.
Keywords AnimalsApoptosis/drug effects/*physiologyApoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolismBacterial Proteins/genetics/*metabolismCalcium/metabolismCells, CulturedCytochromes c/metabolismEndoplasmic Reticulum/metabolismEndosomes/*metabolismFluorescent Antibody TechniqueGenes, bcl-2Helicobacter pylori/metabolism/*pathogenicityMiceMicroscopy, ElectronMitochondria/*metabolismVirulence Factors/metabolismBcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein/*metabolismBcl-2-Associated X Protein/*metabolism
PMID: 20431599
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Research group Les mitochondries dans la vie cellulaire (850)
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CALORE, F. et al. Endosome-mitochondria juxtaposition during apoptosis induced by H. pylori VacA. In: Cell Death and Differentiation, 2010, vol. 17, n° 11, p. 1707-1716. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2010.42 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:20612

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Deposited on : 2012-05-22

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