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Local-regional radiotherapy and surgery is associated with a significant survival advantage in metastatic breast cancer patients

Ly, Bevan Hong
Published in Tumori. 2010, vol. 96, no. 6, p. 947-954
Abstract BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence of a survival benefit for metastatic breast cancer patients receiving surgery of the primary tumor. We investigated whether or not adjuvant radiotherapy can improve survival. METHODS: Women diagnosed between 1988 and 2003 with metastatic, histologically confirmed unilateral primary breast cancer were selected from the SEER Program. Overall survival and specific survival were computed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Treatment hazard ratios of breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy versus no surgery, and radiotherapy versus none, were computed by Cox regression adjusting for period of diagnosis, age, marital status, race, histology, grade, and hormone receptors. RESULTS: Of 8761 women, radiotherapy was given to 1473 of 3905 who did not undergo surgery, to 882 of 2070 who underwent breast-conserving surgery, and to 1103 of 2786 mastectomy patients. Median overall survival was: for no surgery, 14 months; for breast-conserving surgery, 23 months; and for mastectomy, 28 months (P < 0.0001). The median overall survival of radiotherapy versus none was respectively 16 vs. 13 months without surgery (P = 0.0003), 28 vs. 20 months for breast-conserving surgery patients (P < 0.0001), and 28 vs. 28 months among mastectomy patients (P = 0.895). Multivariate analysis showed relative mortality reductions of 28% by breast-conserving surgery, 42% by mastectomy, and 10% by radiotherapy. Specific survival showed comparable results. CONCLUSIONS: Surgery and radiotherapy were associated with a significant survival advantage. We argue that local therapy should be considered even in metastatic disease.
Keywords AgedBreast Neoplasms/mortality/pathology/*radiotherapy/*surgeryFemaleHumansKaplan-Meier EstimateLymphatic Metastasis*Mastectomy, SegmentalMiddle AgedMultivariate AnalysisNeoplasm StagingProportional Hazards ModelsRadiotherapy, Adjuvant/methodsRetrospective StudiesSEER ProgramTime FactorsTreatment OutcomeUnited States/epidemiology
PMID: 21388057
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Research group Groupe Bouchardy Magnin Christine (Registre genevois des tumeurs) (532)
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LY, Bevan Hong et al. Local-regional radiotherapy and surgery is associated with a significant survival advantage in metastatic breast cancer patients. In: Tumori, 2010, vol. 96, n° 6, p. 947-954. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:20508

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Deposited on : 2012-05-22

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