Scientific article

Do eosinophil numbers differentiate eosinophilic esophagitis from gastroesophageal reflux disease?

Published inArchives of pathology & laboratory medicine, vol. 134, no. 6, p. 815-825
Publication date2010

CONTEXT: Although the healthy esophageal mucosa contains no eosinophils, eosinophilic infiltration is observed in 2 major clinicopathologic settings: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and eosinophilic esophagitis (EE). The prevalence of EE is increasing in many countries, and this increase seems only partly to be due to a better awareness of the pathology, following the relatively recent description of EE. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and EE represent 2 entities that do not respond to the same treatment modalities and, thus, need to be distinguished. However, diagnostic criteria of EE have been defined arbitrarily, and the more recent articles tend to prove that the overlap with GERD is probably greater than initially believed, leading the authors to advise strict exclusion of GERD before considering the diagnosis of EE. OBJECTIVES: To provide pathologists with the currently proposed histologic criteria of GERD and EE, to stress the need to combine these criteria with clinical data and endoscopic findings, and to outline the remaining controversies. DATA SOURCES: This review is based on selected articles identified by a PubMed (US National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland) search of the literature in English for GERD and EE, a recent review by the American Gastroenterological Association (Bethesda), the Proceedings of the First International Gastrointestinal Eosinophil Research Symposium, and the authors' experience. CONCLUSION: Proper identification of the etiology of eosinophilic infiltration of the esophagus allows accurate medical or surgical treatment and follow-up. Eosinophilic esophagitis and GERD diagnoses require integration of the histologic findings with the clinical and endoscopic data.

  • Cell Count
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Eosinophils/*pathology
  • Esophagitis/blood/*diagnosis/pathology
  • Esophagus/pathology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux/blood/*diagnosis/pathology
  • Humans
Citation (ISO format)
GENEVAY-INFANTE, Muriel, RUBBIA-BRANDT, Laura, ROUGEMONT-PIDOUX, Anne-Laure. Do eosinophil numbers differentiate eosinophilic esophagitis from gastroesophageal reflux disease? In: Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine, 2010, vol. 134, n° 6, p. 815–825. doi: 10.1043/1543-2165-134.6.815
ISSN of the journal0003-9985

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