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Effects of olanzapine and quetiapine on corticotropin-releasing hormone release in the rat brain

Tringali, Giuseppe
Lisi, Lucia
De Simone, Maria Laura
Preziosi, Paolo
Pozzoli, Giacomo
Navarra, Pierluigi
Published in Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry. 2009, vol. 33, no. 6, p. 1017-1021
Abstract An altered regulation of the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) system in the CNS is consistently associated with anxiety and depression; several drugs used to treat CNS disorders modulate--usually in a negative manner--CRH turnover in the brain, and it can be postulated that their effectiveness may be at least in part related to their effects on CRH. This study was aimed to investigate the effects of two atypical antipsychotics also employed in the treatment of bipolar disorders, i.e. quetiapine (QTP) and olanzapine (OLZ), on CRH release from isolated rat brain regions. Acute rat hypothalamic and hippocampal explants were exposed for 1 h to plain medium or medium containing the test drugs, either under baseline conditions or after stimulation of CRH release by veratridine or 56 mM KCl. CRH immunoreactivity present in the incubation medium and in the tissues was assessed by radioimmunoassay. QTP 10 microM but not OLZ inhibited baseline CRH secretion from the hypothalamus; neither drug affected basal CRH release from the hippocampus. Both QTP and OLZ, 1 and 10 microM, inhibited veratridine- or K(+)-stimulated CRH release from the hypothalamus, whereas OLZ only, when given at 10 microM, was able to inhibit stimulated CRH release from the hippocampus. In conclusion, two widely used atypical antipsychotics, QTP and OLZ are able to acutely reduce the release of CRH from isolated rat hypothalami and hippocampi.
Keywords AnimalsBenzodiazepines/*pharmacologyBrain/*drug effects/*secretionCorticotropin-Releasing Hormone/antagonists & inhibitors/*secretionDibenzothiazepines/*pharmacologyHippocampus/drug effects/secretionHypothalamus/drug effects/secretionMaleRatsRats, Wistar
PMID: 19467289
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Research group Thérapeutiques des Troubles de l'Humeur et Anxieux (689)
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TRINGALI, Giuseppe et al. Effects of olanzapine and quetiapine on corticotropin-releasing hormone release in the rat brain. In: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 2009, vol. 33, n° 6, p. 1017-1021. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2009.05.012 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:20134

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Deposited on : 2012-04-23

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