en
Scientific article
English

Cognitive barriers to calling a smoking quitline

Published inNicotine & tobacco research, vol. 11, no. 11, p. 1339-1346
Publication date2009
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: This study examined cognitive barriers that might prevent cigarette smokers who are interested in quitting from calling a smoking quitline. METHODS: Using qualitative and quantitative methods, we developed a 53-item inventory of possible cognitive barriers to quitline access. A total of 641 daily smokers who reported high intentions to stop smoking in the next 30 days completed this inventory and were then prompted to call a toll-free smoking quitline (800-QUIT NOW) on 3 occasions. Two months later, they completed a follow-up phone interview to assess use of the quitline, quit attempts, and smoking status. RESULTS: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of the barrier items revealed a 5-factor solution: stigma, low appraisal of the service, no need for assistance, poor fit with the service, and privacy concerns. Endorsements of barrier factors were generally low. Although several barrier factor scores predicted concurrent intentions to call a quitline in the near future, none prospectively predicted calling the quitline by 2-month follow-up. DISCUSSION: Cognitive barriers to use of quitlines remain elusive.

Keywords
  • Health Promotion/utilization
  • Hotlines/*utilization
  • Humans
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology
  • Smoking Cessation/*psychology
Citation (ISO format)
SOLOMON, Laura J. et al. Cognitive barriers to calling a smoking quitline. In: Nicotine & tobacco research, 2009, vol. 11, n° 11, p. 1339–1346. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntp143
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ISSN of the journal1462-2203
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