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Scientific article
English

Risk factors for in-hospital mortality of visceral leishmaniasis patients in eastern Uganda

Published inTM & IH. Tropical medicine and international health, vol. 14, no. 8, p. 910-917
Publication date2009
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for in-hospital mortality in patients treated for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Uganda. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of VL patients' clinical data collected for project monitoring by Medecins Sans Frontieres in Amudat, eastern Uganda. RESULTS: Between 2000 and 2005, of 3483 clinically suspect patients, 53% were confirmed with primary VL. Sixty-two per cent were children <16 years of age with a male/female ratio of 2.2. The overall case-fatality rate during pentavalent antimonial (n = 1641) or conventional amphotericin B treatment (n = 217) was 3.7%. There was no difference in the case-fatality rate between treatment groups (P > 0.20). The main risk factors for in-hospital death identified by a multivariate analysis were age <6 years and >15 years, concomitant tuberculosis or hepatopathy, and drug-related adverse events. The case-fatality rate among patients >45 years of age was strikingly high (29.0%). CONCLUSION: Subgroups of VL patients at higher risk of death during treatment with drugs currently available in Uganda were identified. Less toxic drugs should be evaluated and used in these patients.

Keywords
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antiprotozoal Agents/administration & dosage/*adverse effects
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • *Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral/drug therapy/*mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Uganda/epidemiology
  • Young Adult
Citation (ISO format)
MUELLER, Yolanda et al. Risk factors for in-hospital mortality of visceral leishmaniasis patients in eastern Uganda. In: TM & IH. Tropical medicine and international health, 2009, vol. 14, n° 8, p. 910–917. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2009.02305.x
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ISSN of the journal1360-2276
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