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Title

Native and reconstituted HDL activate Stat3 in ventricular cardiomyocytes via ERK1/2: role of sphingosine-1-phosphate

Authors
Gerber-Wicht, Christine
Published in Cardiovascular Research. 2009, vol. 82, no. 2, p. 313-323
Abstract AIMS: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) has been reported to have cardioprotective properties independent from its cholesterol transport activity. The influence of native HDL and reconstituted HDL (rHDL) on Stat3, the transcription factor playing an important role in myocardium adaptation to stress, was analysed in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes. We have investigated modulating the composition of rHDL as a means of expanding its function and potential cardioprotective effects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Stat3 phosphorylation and activation were determined by western blotting and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). In ventricular cardiomyocytes, HDL and the HDL constituent sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) induce a concentration- and time-dependent increase in Stat3 activation. They also enhance extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation. U0126, a specific inhibitor of MEK1/2, the upstream activator of ERK1/2, abolishes HDL- and S1P-induced Stat3 activation, whereas the p38 MAPK blocker SB203580 has no significant effect. Inhibition of the tyrosine kinase family Src (Src) caused a significant reduction of Stat3 activation, whereas inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) had no effect. S1P and rHDL containing S1P have a similar strong stimulatory action on Stat3, ERK1/2, and p38 MAPK comparable to native HDL. S1P-free rHDL has a much weaker effect. Experiments with agonists and antagonists of the S1P receptor subtypes indicate that HDL and S1P activate Stat3 mainly through the S1P2 receptor. CONCLUSION: In ventricular cardiomyocytes, addition of S1P to rHDL enhances its therapeutic potential by improving its capacity to activate Stat3. Activation of Stat3 occurs mainly via the S1P constituent and the lipid receptor S1P2 requiring stimulation of ERK1/2 and Src but not p38 MAPK or PI3K. The study underlines the therapeutic potential of tailoring rHDL to confront particular clinical situations.
Keywords AnimalsCells, CulturedHeart Ventricles/cytology/metabolismLipoproteins, HDL/*pharmacologyLysophospholipids/*metabolism/pharmacologyMitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/*metabolismMitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3/*metabolismMyocytes, Cardiac/cytology/*drug effects/*metabolismPhosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolismProtein Kinase C/metabolismRatsRats, WistarReceptors, Lysosphingolipid/metabolismSTAT3 Transcription Factor/*metabolismSphingosine/*analogs & derivatives/metabolism/pharmacologyType C Phospholipases/metabolismP38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolismRho-Associated Kinases/metabolismSrc-Family Kinases/metabolism
Identifiers
PMID: 19151362
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Research group Lipoprotéines sériques (598)
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FRIAS, Miguel et al. Native and reconstituted HDL activate Stat3 in ventricular cardiomyocytes via ERK1/2: role of sphingosine-1-phosphate. In: Cardiovascular Research, 2009, vol. 82, n° 2, p. 313-323. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:19816

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Deposited on : 2012-04-23

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