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Scientific article
English

Testing the Cigarette Dependence Scale in 4 samples of daily smokers: psychiatric clinics, smoking cessation clinics, a smoking cessation website and in the general population

Published inAddictive behaviors, vol. 34, no. 5, p. 446-450
Publication date2009
Abstract

AIM: To assess the properties of the Cigarette Dependence Scale (CDS-12) in various samples of daily smokers and to provide reference scores in a general population sample. METHODS: Surveys in 4 samples of daily cigarette smokers: psychiatric out-patients in Geneva, Switzerland (n=226), clients of smoking cessation clinics in France (n=370), visitors of a French-language smoking cessation website (n=13,697) and a representative sample of the general population of Geneva (n=292). RESULTS: In all 4 samples, Cronbach's alpha coefficients were >0.87 and factor analyses indicated that CDS-12 was unidimensional. CDS-12 was slightly skewed towards higher values, and it was associated with expired carbon monoxide, but this association was not strong (9% of variance explained, p<0.001). CDS-12 scores were highest in clients of smoking cessation clinics (mean=47.7, SD=10.2), followed by psychiatric patients (mean=44.4, SD=8.4), visitors of smoking cessation websites (mean=43.3, SD=11.6) and the general population sample (mean=36.9, SD=12.3). Except for tolerance, each element in the DSM-IV and ICD-10 definitions of dependence is reflected by at least one item in CDS-12, even though the match with these definitions is sometimes indirect. CONCLUSIONS: This paper presents reference scores and validity and reliability tests for CDS-12 in a diversity of samples of daily smokers. This information should be useful to clinicians and researchers.

Keywords
  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Care/*statistics & numerical data
  • Ambulatory Care Facilities
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internet/*statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders/complications
  • Smoking/*prevention & control
  • Smoking Cessation/*methods
  • Switzerland
  • Tobacco Use Disorder/*diagnosis
Citation (ISO format)
ETTER, Jean-François et al. Testing the Cigarette Dependence Scale in 4 samples of daily smokers: psychiatric clinics, smoking cessation clinics, a smoking cessation website and in the general population. In: Addictive behaviors, 2009, vol. 34, n° 5, p. 446–450. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.12.002
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ISSN of the journal0306-4603
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