en
Scientific article
English

Dependence on the nicotine gum in former smokers

Published inAddictive behaviors, vol. 34, no. 3, p. 246-251
Publication date2009
Abstract

We conducted an Internet survey in 2004-2007 in 526 daily users of the nicotine gum, to assess use of, and dependence on the nicotine gum in former smokers. We used modified versions of the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS-G), the Cigarette Dependence Scale (CDS-G) and the Fagerstrom Test (FTND-G). After 30 days, 155 participants (29%) indicated their gum use. Higher dependence on the gum predicted a lower chance of stopping using it at follow-up (odds ratio=0.36 for each standard deviation unit on CDS-G, p=0.001). More long-term (>3 months) than short-term ( ≤ 3 months) users of the gum agreed with: "I use the nicotine gum because I am addicted to it" (83% vs. 7%, p<.001), and fewer long-term users reported that they used the gum to avoid relapsing to smoking (42% vs. 92%, p<.001). Long-term users had higher ratings of dependence on the gum than short-term users, as assessed with NDSS-Gum, CDS-Gum and FTND-Gum (all p<.001). Most long-term users reported symptoms of dependence on the nicotine gum. Lower levels of dependence on the gum predicted cessation of gum use. However, long term use of the nicotine gum has no known serious adverse consequence, and may be beneficial if it prevents late relapse.

Keywords
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • *Nicotine/therapeutic use
  • *Nicotinic Agonists/therapeutic use
  • Questionnaires
  • Smoking Cessation/methods/psychology
  • Substance-Related Disorders/etiology/*psychology
  • Time Factors
  • Tobacco Use Disorder/therapy
Citation (ISO format)
ETTER, Jean-François. Dependence on the nicotine gum in former smokers. In: Addictive behaviors, 2009, vol. 34, n° 3, p. 246–251. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.10.018
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ISSN of the journal0306-4603
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