UNIGE document Scientific Article - Review
previous document  unige:19704  next document
add to browser collection
Title

Adaptation posologique des medicaments couramment utilises en reanimation lors d'epuration extrarenale continue

Authors
Published in Néphrologie & thérapeutique. 2009, vol. 5, no. 6, p. 533-541
Abstract Drug dosing in the intensive care unit can be challenging. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of sepsis and a part of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is increasingly used as dialysis therapy in this critically ill population. Available data demonstrate that sepsis, AKI and different modalities of CRRT can profoundly change drugs pharmacokinetic. The severity of these changes depends on molecules characteristics (volume of distribution, plasma protein binding, molecular weight, plasma half-life, plasma clearance), patient itself (volemia, residual renal function, tissue perfusion, hepatic dysfunction) and modality of CRRT (diffusion, convection, adsorption). There are no available recommendations to adapt drug dosing in a given critically ill patient with a given modality of CRRT. It is necessary to fully understand the different methods of CRRT and drug pharmacokinetic to prescribe the appropriate dose and to avoid under or potentially toxic overdosing. Monitoring the plasma level of drug - when available - can establish a relation between the blood concentration and its effect; thus, facilitating drug dosing.
Keywords *Drug Dosage CalculationsHumans*Intensive Care UnitsPharmacokinetics*Renal Replacement Therapy
Identifiers
PMID: 19369134
Full text
Structures
Research group Groupe Pierre-Yves Martin (néphrologie) (30)
Citation
(ISO format)
BOURQUIN, Vincent et al. Adaptation posologique des medicaments couramment utilises en reanimation lors d'epuration extrarenale continue. In: Néphrologie & thérapeutique, 2009, vol. 5, n° 6, p. 533-541. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:19704

210 hits

0 download

Update

Deposited on : 2012-04-23

Export document
Format :
Citation style :