en
Scientific article
English

Incidence of atrial fibrillation after percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale and small atrial septal defects in patients presenting with cryptogenic stroke

Publication date2010
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The occurrence of atrial fibrillation after percutaneous closure of a patent foramen ovale for cryptogenic stroke has been reported in a variable percentage of patients. However, its precise incidence and mechanism are presently unclear and remain to be elucidated. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. PATIENTS: Ninety-two patients undergoing a percutaneous patent foramen ovale closure procedure (closure group) for cryptogenic stroke were compared with a similar group of 51 patients, who were medically treated. METHODS: A systematic arrhythmia follow-up protocol to assess the incidence of AF was performed including a 7-day event-loop recording at day 1, after 6 and 12 months in patients of the closure group and compared with those of the medically treated group. RESULTS: The incidence of AF was similar in both study groups during a follow-up of 12 months, including 7.6% (95% CI: 3.1-15.0%) in the closure and 7.8% (95% CI: 2.18-18.9%) in the medically treated group (P=1.0). The presence of a large patent foramen ovale was the only significant risk factor for the occurrence of AF as demonstrated by a multivariate Cox regression analysis (95% CI, 1.275-20.018; P=0.021). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that patients with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale have a rather high incidence of AF during a follow-up of 12 months. Atrial fibrillation occurred with a similar frequency whether the patent foramen ovale/atrial septal defect was successfully percutaneously closed or was medically managed. The presence of a large patent foramen ovale was the only significant predictor of AF occurrence during follow-up.

Keywords
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Atrial Fibrillation/*epidemiology/ultrasonography
  • Brain Ischemia/complications
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Foramen Ovale, Patent/diagnosis/pathology/*surgery
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/diagnosis/pathology/*surgery
  • Humans
  • Ischemic Attack, Transient/complications
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications/*epidemiology/ultrasonography
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke/*complications/etiology
  • Young Adult
Citation (ISO format)
BONVINI, Robert et al. Incidence of atrial fibrillation after percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale and small atrial septal defects in patients presenting with cryptogenic stroke. In: European journal of cardiovascular prevention & rehabilitation, 2010, vol. 5, n° 1, p. 4–9. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-4949.2009.00336.x
Main files (1)
Article
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1741-8267
507views
0downloads

Technical informations

Creation04/23/2012 1:22:59 PM
First validation04/23/2012 1:22:59 PM
Update time03/14/2023 5:24:10 PM
Status update03/14/2023 5:24:10 PM
Last indexation02/12/2024 7:56:14 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack