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Origin of fluids in iron oxide–copper–gold deposits: constraints from δ 37Cl, 87Sr/86Sri and Cl/Br

Banks, Dave
Cliff, Robert
Published in Mineralium deposita. 2006, vol. 41, no. 6, p. 565-573
Collection Open Access - Licence nationale Springer
Abstract The origin of the hypersaline fluids (magmatic or basinal brine?), associated with iron oxide (Cu–U–Au– REE) deposits, is controversial. We report the first chlorine and strontium isotope data combined with Cl/Br ratios of fluid inclusions from selected iron oxide–copper– gold (IOCG) deposits (Candelaria, Raúl–Condestable, Sossego), a deposit considered to represent a magmatic end member of the IOCG class of deposit (Gameleira), and a magnetite–apatite deposit (El Romeral) from South America. Our data indicate mixing of a high δ37Cl magmatic fluid with near 0‰ δ37Cl basinal brines in the Candelaria, Raúl–Condestable, and Sossego IOCG de- posits and leaching of a few weight percent of evaporites by magmatic-hydrothermal (?) fluids at Gameleira and El Romeral. The Sr isotopic composition of the inclusion fluids of Candelaria, Raúl–Condestable, and El Romeral confirms the presence of a non-magmatic fluid component in these deposits. The heavy chlorine isotope signatures of fluids from the IOCG deposits (Candelaria, Raúl– Condestable, Sossego), reflecting the magmatic-hydro- thermal component of these fluids, contrast with the near 0‰ δ37Cl values of porphyry copper fluids known fromthe literature. The heavy chlorine isotope compositions of fluids of the investigated IOCG deposits may indicate a prevailing mantle Cl component in contrast to porphyry copper fluids, an argument also supported by Os isotopes, or could result from differential Cl isotope fractionation processes (e.g. phase separation) in fluids of IOCG and porphyry Cu deposits.
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Research groups Isotope Geochemistry, Geochronology and Thermochronology
Mineral Resources and Geofluids
(ISO format)
CHIARADIA, Massimo et al. Origin of fluids in iron oxide–copper–gold deposits: constraints from δ 37Cl, 87Sr/86Sri and Cl/Br. In: Mineralium deposita, 2006, vol. 41, n° 6, p. 565-573. doi: 10.1007/s00126-006-0082-6 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:19387

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Deposited on : 2012-04-16

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