Scientific article

Timing of juvenile arc crust formation and evolution in the Sapat Complex (Kohistan–Pakistan)

Published inChemical geology, vol. 280, no. 3-4, p. 243-256
Publication date2011

The combination of age determination and geochemical tracers allows understanding the source evolution during magmatism. We studied the Sapat Complex, in the exhumed Cretaceous Kohistan Paleo-Island Arc, to reconstruct the formation of the juvenile lower arc crust and the evolution of the mantle source during arc magmatism. High precision ID-TIMS U/Pb dating on zircon, shows that a protracted period of magmatic accretion formed the Sapat Complex between 105 and 99 Ma. Since continued melt percolation processes that formed the lower crust obscured the original bulk rock Nd–Pb–Sr isotopic composition, we rely on the Hf isotopic composition of zircons of different ages to unravel the source evolution. Nd and Pb bulk isotopic compositions coupled with Hf isotopic composition on zircons allow reconstructing a geodynamical scenario for the Sapat Complex, and the Cretaceous history of the Arc. We suggest that trenchward migration of the hot mantle source at 105 Ma explains the small heterogeneous εHf signal between + 14 and + 16. This heterogeneity vanished within ca. 2 million years, and the εHf of the source evolved from + 16 to + 14 at 99 Ma. Integrated to the Kohistan Cretaceous history, which has a baseline of εHf ≈ 14, these data pinpoint two geodynamical events, with slab retreat and the formation of the Sapat Complex followed by splitting of the Kohistan island arc at 85 Ma.

Citation (ISO format)
BOUILHOL, Pierre et al. Timing of juvenile arc crust formation and evolution in the Sapat Complex (Kohistan–Pakistan). In: Chemical geology, 2011, vol. 280, n° 3-4, p. 243–256. doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.11.013
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0009-2541

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