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Effect of irrigation water and processing on the microbial quality of lettuces produced and sold on markets in Dakar (Senegal)

Authors
Ndiaye, Mamadou Lamine
Niang, S.
Pfeifer, H.-R.
Tonolla, M.
Dieng, Y.
Published in Irrigation and Drainage. 2011, vol. 60, no. 4, p. 509-517
Abstract The aim of this survey is to assess the microbiological impact of irrigation water on lettuces produced on two urban agricultural sites and sold on markets; 6 and 7%, respectively, of lettuces coming from the sites of Pikine and Patte d’Oie were Salmonella spp. positive. Lettuces irrigated with shallow groundwater (‘‘Ce´anes’’ water) were more contaminated (8% at both Pikine and Patte d’Oie sites) compared to those irrigated with wastewater (4% at Pikine) or well water (5% at Patte d’Oie). As for the lettuces in marketplaces, their contamination seems to depend on the type of treatment occurring before sale. Lettuces previously washed in the ‘‘Ce´anes’’ were more contaminated than those rinsed with tap water at the marketplace. Salmonella spp. have been isolated from all marketplaces. However, the rates of contamination in markets surrounding Patte d’Oie are higher (9 and 11% at Grand Yoff and Dalifort) than those surrounding Pikine (4 and 2% at Zinc and Sham) or Rufisque, the control (2%). Our results confirm that the reuse of wastewater in irrigation is an alternative to animal manure. Its risk of microbial contamination can be significantly reduced by washing the vegetables with tap water before they are sold.
Keywords DakarUrban agricultureLettucesContaminationE. coliSalmonella spp
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Other version: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ird.590
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NDIAYE, Mamadou Lamine et al. Effect of irrigation water and processing on the microbial quality of lettuces produced and sold on markets in Dakar (Senegal). In: Irrigation and Drainage, 2011, vol. 60, n° 4, p. 509-517. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:19318

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Deposited on : 2012-03-30

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