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Obesity in long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Asner, S.
Ammann, R. A.
Beck-Popovic, M.
von der Weid, N. X.
Published in Pediatric Blood and Cancer. 2008, vol. 51, no. 1, p. 118-122
Abstract BACKGROUND: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with current cure rates reaching 80% emphasizes the necessity to determine treatment related long-term effects. The present study examines the prevalence of and the risk factors for overweight and obesity in a cohort of ALL survivors treated and living in the French speaking part of Switzerland. METHODS: In this retrospective two-center study, height and weight of 54 patients diagnosed with ALL in first complete remission and treated with chemotherapy only were recorded at specified time points during treatment and off-therapy. Body mass index (BMI) and its age- and gender-adjusted standard deviation score (BMI-SDS) were calculated for the patients and their parents separately. Overweight and obesity were defined by a threshold of BMI-SDS >1.645 and BMI-SDS >1.96, respectively. RESULTS: At last follow-up, 16 (30%) of the 54 survivors were overweight and 10 (18%) were obese. The off-treatment period was most at risk with 11 of the 16 becoming overweight and 9 of the 10 becoming obese during that period. Overweight/obesity at diagnosis and abnormal maternal BMI were significantly associated with abnormal weight at follow-up, while age at diagnosis, gender, cumulative dose of steroids and paternal BMI showed no association. CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with published evidence from other regions of the developed and developing world, there is a significant prevalence of obesity in young ALL survivors in the French speaking part of Switzerland. Factors significantly associated with this late effect were mostly related to the familial background rather than to the treatment components.
Keywords ChildChild, PreschoolCohort StudiesFamily HealthFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHumansInfantMaleObesity/*etiologyOverweight/etiologyPrecursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/*complicationsPrevalenceRetrospective StudiesRisk Factors*Survivors
PMID: 18338394
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Research group Groupe Ozsahin Ayse Hulya (onco-hémato pédiatrie) (889)
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ASNER, S. et al. Obesity in long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In: Pediatric Blood and Cancer, 2008, vol. 51, n° 1, p. 118-122. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:19202

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Deposited on : 2012-03-27

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