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LETM1, deleted in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is required for normal mitochondrial morphology and cellular viability

Dimmer, Kai Stefan
Navoni, Francesca
Casarin, Alberto
Trevisson, Eva
Endele, Sabine
Winterpacht, Andreas
Salviati, Leonardo
Published in Human Molecular Genetics. 2008, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 201-214
Abstract Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a complex congenital syndrome caused by a monoallelic deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4. Seizures in WHS have been associated with deletion of LETM1 gene. LETM1 encodes for the human homologue of yeast Mdm38p, a mitochondria-shaping protein of unclear function. Here we show that human LETM1 is located in the inner membrane, exposed to the matrix and oligomerized in higher molecular weight complexes of unknown composition. Down-regulation of LETM1 did not disrupt these complexes, but led to DRP1-independent fragmentation of the mitochondrial network. Fragmentation was not associated with changes in the levels of respiratory chain complexes, or with obvious or latent mitochondrial dysfunction, but was recovered by nigericin, which catalyzes the electroneutral exchange of K+ against H+. Down-regulation of LETM1 caused 'necrosis-like' death, without activation of caspases and not inhibited by overexpression of Bcl-2. Primary fibroblasts from a WHS patient displayed reduced LETM1 mRNA and protein, but mitochondrial morphology was surprisingly unaffected, raising the question of whether and how WHS patients counteract the consequences of monoallelic deletion of LETM1. LETM1 highlights the relationship between mitochondrial ion homeostasis, integrity of the mitochondrial network and cell viability.
Keywords Calcium-Binding Proteins/analysis/*genetics/*metabolismCell SurvivalFibroblasts/cytologyGene DeletionHumansMembrane Proteins/analysis/*genetics/*metabolismMitochondria/*metabolismMitochondrial Membranes/chemistryNecrosisOrganelle ShapeWolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome/*genetics/*metabolism
PMID: 17925330
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Other version: http://hmg.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/2/201.full.pdf
Research group Les mitochondries dans la vie cellulaire (850)
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DIMMER, Kai Stefan et al. LETM1, deleted in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is required for normal mitochondrial morphology and cellular viability. In: Human Molecular Genetics, 2008, vol. 17, n° 2, p. 201-214. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddm297 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:19109

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Deposited on : 2012-03-27

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