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Mosaic inactivation of the serum response factor gene in the myocardium induces focal lesions and heart failure

Gary-Bobo, Guillaume
Parlakian, Ara
Escoubet, Brigitte
Franco, Claudio Areias
Bruneval, Patrick
Tuil, David
Daegelen, Dominique
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Published in European Journal of Heart Failure. 2008, vol. 10, no. 7, p. 635-645
Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Regional alterations in ventricular mechanical functions are a primary determinant for the risk of myocardial injuries in various cardiomyopathies. The serum response factor (SRF) is a transcription factor regulating contractile and cytoskeletal genes and may play an important role in the remodelling of myocardium at the cellular level. METHODS: Using Desmin-Cre transgenic mice, we generated a model of mosaic inactivation of a floxed-Srf allele in the heart to analyze the consequence of regional alterations of SRF-mediated functions in the myocardium. RESULTS: Two types of cardiomyocytes co-existed in the Desmin-Cre:Sf/Sf mice. Cardiomyocytes lacking SRF became thin and elongated while cardiomyocytes containing SRF became hypertrophic. Several physiological contractile genes were down-regulated while skeletal alpha-actin was induced in SRF positive area only. Mutants developed heart failure associated with the presence of focal lesions in the myocardium, and died before month 11. CONCLUSIONS: Juxtaposition of functional SRF wild-type and failing SRF mutant cardiomyocytes generates deleterious heterogeneity in the myocardium. Our results show that SRF contributes to the capacity of cardiomyocytes to remodel their shape and contractile functions in response to their local environment; suggesting that it may play a role in pathologies involving regional alterations of ventricular mechanics in the heart.
Keywords AllelesAnalysis of VarianceAnimalsCardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/*genetics/physiopathologyHeart Failure/*genetics/physiopathologyIn Situ Nick-End LabelingMiceMice, Transgenic*MosaicismMyocardium/*metabolismMyocytes, Cardiac/metabolismReverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain ReactionSerum Response Factor/deficiency/*genetics
PMID: 18501668
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GARY-BOBO, Guillaume et al. Mosaic inactivation of the serum response factor gene in the myocardium induces focal lesions and heart failure. In: European Journal of Heart Failure, 2008, vol. 10, n° 7, p. 635-645. doi: 10.1016/j.ejheart.2008.04.014 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:19089

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Deposited on : 2012-03-27

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