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Nutrition: its role in bone health

Published in Best Practice & Research: Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2008, vol. 22, no. 5, p. 813-829
Abstract At a given age, bone mass is determined by the amount of bone accumulated at the end of skeletal growth (the so-called peak bone mass), and by the amount of bone lost subsequently. Nutritional intake is an environmental factor that influences both bone capital accumulation, which is fully achieved by the end of the second decade of life, and bone loss, which occurs during the second half of existence. Nutrients may act directly by modifying bone turnover, or indirectly via changes in calciotropic hormone secretion. The study of the association between nutrition and a bone phenotypic expression may provide inconsistent results, in part because of the low accuracy and reproducibility of the various tools used to assess dietary intakes. Sufficient dietary calcium and protein are necessary for bone health during growth as well as in the elderly.
Keywords Bone Remodeling/physiologyBone and Bones/*metabolismCalcium, Dietary/administration & dosageDietary Proteins/administration & dosageFemaleFractures, Bone/prevention & controlHumansMale*Nutritional RequirementsVitamin D/administration & dosage
PMID: 19028358
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Research group Nutrition et os (66)
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RIZZOLI, René. Nutrition: its role in bone health. In: Best Practice & Research: Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 2008, vol. 22, n° 5, p. 813-829. doi: 10.1016/j.beem.2008.08.005 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:19058

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Deposited on : 2012-03-27

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