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Over- and underreporting of recent drug use in subjects entering an inpatient detoxification unit

Krenz, S.
Benguettat, D.
Khan, R.
Published in European Journal of Medical Research. 2008, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 15-20
Abstract Underreporting of drug use is commonly found more often than overreporting. Overreporting may, however, occur in particular settings, e.g. in subjects entering a detoxification program. METHODS: Self-reports (standardized semi structured interview) of recent drug use of 554 patients consecutively admitted to a drug detoxification inpatient unit were compared to urine screening results at admission. Overreporters were defined as indicating a consumption of a specific drug during the preceding 7 days (3 days for cocaine) which was not confirmed by the urine screening. Underreproters denied consumption but presented positive urine. RESULTS: Overreporting was especially prevalent for opiates, and relatively more frequent (59.9% heroin, 40% methadone) than underreporting (6.8% heroin, 20.4% methadone). Signs of intoxication at admission, current methadone substitution, and previous institutional detoxification experiences influenced opiate overreporting. CONCLUSIONS: Some of the retained parameters predicting overreporting of recent opiate consumption corroborated the hypothesis of patients trying to receive more consideration from the therapeutic team and to get more intensive pharmacological care.
Keywords AdolescentAdultBenzodiazepines/urineCocaine-Related Disorders/diagnosis/rehabilitation/urineFemaleHeroin Dependence/diagnosis/rehabilitation/urineHumansInpatients/psychologyLogistic ModelsMaleMarijuana Abuse/diagnosis/rehabilitation/urineMarital StatusMethadone/urineMiddle AgedOpioid-Related Disorders/diagnosis/rehabilitation/urinePatient Admission/*statistics & numerical dataPatient Readmission/statistics & numerical dataReferral and ConsultationSelf DisclosureSubstance Abuse DetectionSubstance Abuse Treatment Centers/*statistics & numerical dataSubstance-Related Disorders/*diagnosis/rehabilitation/urineSwitzerland
PMID: 18226992
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Research group Abus de substances (834)
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ZULLINO, Daniele Fabio et al. Over- and underreporting of recent drug use in subjects entering an inpatient detoxification unit. In: European Journal of Medical Research, 2008, vol. 13, n° 1, p. 15-20. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:18985

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Deposited on : 2012-03-27

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