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Scientific article
English

Pulmonary delivery of DNA encoding Mycobacterium tuberculosis latency antigen Rv1733c associated to PLGA–PEI nanoparticles enhances T cell responses in a DNA prime/protein boost vaccination regimen in mice

Published inVaccine, vol. 27, no. 30, p. 4010-4017
Publication date2009
Abstract

During persistent infection and hypoxic-stress, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) expresses a series of Mtb latency antigens. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunogenicity of a DNA vaccine encoding the Mtb latency antigen Rv1733c and to explore the effect of pulmonary delivery and co-formulation with poly (d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-polyethyleneimine (PEI) nanoparticles (np) on host immunity. Characterization studies indicated that PLGA-PEI np kept their nanometer size after concentration and were positively charged. The np were able to mature human dendritic cells and stimulated them to secrete IL-12 and TNF-alpha comparable to levels observed after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. Mtb latency antigen Rv1733c DNA prime combined with Rv1733c protein boost enhanced T cell proliferation and IFN-gamma secretion in mice in response to Rv1733c and Mtb hypoxic lysate. Rv1733c DNA adsorbed to PLGA-PEI np and applied to the lungs increased T cell proliferation and IFN-gamma production more potently compared to the same vaccinations given intramuscularly. The strongest immunogenicity was obtained by pulmonary priming with np-adsorbed Rv1733c DNA followed by boosting with Rv1733c protein. These results confirm that PLGA-PEI np are an efficient DNA vaccine delivery system to enhance T cell responses through pulmonary delivery in a DNA prime/protein boost vaccine regimen.

Keywords
  • DNA vaccine
  • Tuberculosis latency antigens
  • Pulmonary immunization
  • PLGA-PEI nanoparticles
  • T cell response
Citation (ISO format)
BIVAS-BENITA, Maytal et al. Pulmonary delivery of DNA encoding Mycobacterium tuberculosis latency antigen Rv1733c associated to PLGA–PEI nanoparticles enhances T cell responses in a DNA prime/protein boost vaccination regimen in mice. In: Vaccine, 2009, vol. 27, n° 30, p. 4010–4017. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.04.033
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0264-410X
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