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Comparison of two cationic polymeric flocculant architectures on the destabilization of negatively charged latex suspensions

Hunkeler, David
Published in Polymer. 2011, vol. 52, no. 4, p. 1019-1026
Abstract Flocculation studies between cationic polymers and oppositely charged colloidal particles are reported in which both flocculation kinetics and floc structures are systematically investigated. The flocculation rate constant, stability ratio and kinetics laws are experimentally determined using particle counting for two polymer architectures; a cationic linear polymer and a two-branched polymer. Comparisons are also made using NaCl at different ionic concentrations for the destabilization of the colloidal particles. Detailed measurements of electrophoretic mobility and kinetics rate constants on varying the polymer dosage are reported. Results suggest that the polymer architecture plays important roles on the polymer dosage for the rapid destabilization of the colloidal suspension. The branched polymer at optimal dosage exhibits the highest flocculation rate constant, whereas on the other hand, the linear polymer concentration range of flocculation is larger. In both cases, polymer flocculation is more efficient by a factor of 5–6 than charge screening effects due to the presence of salt. Analysis of the stability ratio indicates that tele-bridging flocculation and electrostatic forces dictate the stability of the charged latex particle suspension. It is shown that the fractal concepts which are valid for aggregation processes are also applicable here and branched polymers as well as linear polymers yield to the formation of compact flocs in comparison to those obtained with salt.
Keywords Linear and branched polyelectrolytesKinetics flocculation rate constantsFloc fractal dimensions
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Research groups Environmental Physical Chemistry
ISE Pôle Sciences
(ISO format)
PALOMINO, Daniel, HUNKELER, David, STOLL, Serge. Comparison of two cationic polymeric flocculant architectures on the destabilization of negatively charged latex suspensions. In: Polymer, 2011, vol. 52, n° 4, p. 1019-1026. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:18210

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Deposited on : 2012-01-27

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