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Repression of Essential Chloroplast Genes Reveals New Signaling Pathways and Regulatory Feedback Loops in Chlamydomonas

Published inThe Plant cell, vol. 25, no. 1, p. 167-186
Publication date2013-01
First online date2013-01-04
Abstract

Although reverse genetics has been used to elucidate the function of numerous chloroplast proteins, the characterization of essential plastid genes and their role in chloroplast biogenesis and cell survival has not yet been achieved. Therefore, we developed a robust repressible chloroplast gene expression system in the unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii based mainly on a vitamin-repressible riboswitch, and we used this system to study the role of two essential chloroplast genes: ribosomal protein S12 (rps12), encoding a plastid ribosomal protein, and rpoA, encoding the α-subunit of chloroplast bacterial-like RNA polymerase. Repression of either of these two genes leads to the arrest of cell growth, and it induces a response that involves changes in expression of nuclear genes implicated in chloroplast biogenesis, protein turnover, and stress. This response also leads to the overaccumulation of several plastid transcripts and reveals the existence of multiple negative regulatory feedback loops in the chloroplast gene circuitry.

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Citation (ISO format)
RAMUNDO, Silvia et al. Repression of Essential Chloroplast Genes Reveals New Signaling Pathways and Regulatory Feedback Loops in <i>Chlamydomonas</i>. In: The Plant cell, 2013, vol. 25, n° 1, p. 167–186. doi: 10.1105/tpc.112.103051
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ISSN of the journal1040-4651
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