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Scientific article
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Motile bacteria leverage bioconvection for eco-physiological benefits in a natural aquatic environment

Published inFrontiers in microbiology, vol. 14, 1253009
Publication date2023-12-13
First online date2023-12-13
Abstract

Introduction

Bioconvection, a phenomenon characterized by the collective upward swimming of motile microorganisms, has mainly been investigated within controlled laboratory settings, leaving a knowledge gap regarding its ecological implications in natural aquatic environments. This study aims to address this question by investigating the influence of bioconvection on the eco-physiology of the anoxygenic phototrophic sulfur bacteria community of meromictic Lake Cadagno.

Methods

Here we comprehensively explore its effects by comparing the physicochemical profiles of the water column and the physiological traits of the main populations of the bacterial layer (BL). The search for eco-physiological effects of bioconvection involved a comparative analysis between two time points during the warm season, one featuring bioconvection (July) and the other without it (September).

Results

A prominent distinction in the physicochemical profiles of the water column centers on light availability, which is significantly higher in July. This minimum threshold of light intensity is essential for sustaining the physiological CO 2 fixation activity of Chromatium okenii , the microorganism responsible for bioconvection. Furthermore, the turbulence generated by bioconvection redistributes sulfides to the upper region of the BL and displaces other microorganisms from their optimal ecological niches.

Conclusion

The findings underscore the influence of bioconvection on the physiology of C. okenii and demonstrate its functional role in improving its metabolic advantage over coexisting phototrophic sulfur bacteria. However, additional research is necessary to confirm these results and to unravel the multiscale processes activated by C. okenii’s motility mechanisms.

eng
Keywords
  • Lake Cadagno
  • Bioconvection
  • Eco-physiology
  • Meromixis
  • Sulfur bacteria
Citation (ISO format)
DI NEZIO, Francesco et al. Motile bacteria leverage bioconvection for eco-physiological benefits in a natural aquatic environment. In: Frontiers in microbiology, 2023, vol. 14, p. 1253009. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2023.1253009
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ISSN of the journal1664-302X
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