Scientific article
Open access

Thalamic contributions to psychosis susceptibility : Evidence from co-activation patterns accounting for intra-seed spatial variability (μCAPs)

Published inHuman brain mapping, vol. 45, no. 5, e26649
Publication date2024-04

The temporal variability of the thalamus in functional networks may provide valuable insights into the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. To address the complexity of the role of the thalamic nuclei in psychosis, we introduced micro-co-activation patterns (μCAPs) and employed this method on the human genetic model of schizophrenia 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS). Participants underwent resting-state functional MRI and a data-driven iterative process resulting in the identification of six whole-brain μCAPs with specific activity patterns within the thalamus. Unlike conventional methods, μCAPs extract dynamic spatial patterns that reveal partially overlapping and non-mutually exclusive functional subparts. Thus, the μCAPs method detects finer foci of activity within the initial seed region, retaining valuable and clinically relevant temporal and spatial information. We found that a μCAP showing co-activation of the mediodorsal thalamus with brain-wide cortical regions was expressed significantly less frequently in patients with 22q11.2DS, and its occurrence negatively correlated with the severity of positive psychotic symptoms. Additionally, activity within the auditory-visual cortex and their respective geniculate nuclei was expressed in two different μCAPs. One of these auditory-visual μCAPs co-activated with salience areas, while the other co-activated with the default mode network (DMN). A significant shift of occurrence from the salience+visuo-auditory-thalamus to the DMN + visuo-auditory-thalamus μCAP was observed in patients with 22q11.2DS. Thus, our findings support existing research on the gatekeeping role of the thalamus for sensory information in the pathophysiology of psychosis and revisit the evidence of geniculate nuclei hyperconnectivity with the audio-visual cortex in 22q11.2DS in the context of dynamic functional connectivity, seen here as the specific hyper-occurrence of these circuits with the task-negative brain networks.

  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome
  • Dynamic functional connectivity
  • Functional parcels
  • Micro‐co‐activation patterns
  • Schizophrenia
  • Thalamus
  • Humans
  • DiGeorge Syndrome
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Psychotic Disorders / diagnostic imaging
  • Schizophrenia / diagnostic imaging
  • Thalamus / diagnostic imaging
Citation (ISO format)
DELAVARI, Farnaz et al. Thalamic contributions to psychosis susceptibility : Evidence from co-activation patterns accounting for intra-seed spatial variability (μCAPs). In: Human brain mapping, 2024, vol. 45, n° 5, p. e26649. doi: 10.1002/hbm.26649
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ISSN of the journal1065-9471

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