en
Scientific article
Open access
English

The Levantine Megalithic Building Techniques: A Groundbreaking Method Applied to Menjez’s Monuments (Akkar, Lebanon) from the 4th–3rd Millennium BCE

Publication date2024-06-03
First online date2024-06-03
Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the methodology used to study the megalithic architecture of Menjez’s monuments (Akkar, Lebanon), as part of the MEG-A Project - “First megalith builders in the northern Levant” (2022–2025). Twenty-four monuments have been investigated since 2018. The primary objective is to pioneer a comprehensive understanding of the unique Levantine megalithic building techniques and re-establish the “chaînes opératoires,” by determining the builders’ sequence of actions. This groundbreaking methodology originally developed for Western European megalithic monuments, notably in Brittany, France, has been innovatively applied and customized to suit the Levantine context, specifically focusing on the distinctive basaltic monuments of Menjez and its surrounding areas. By using photogrammetry as a tool, the researchers are able to de-construct the megalithic architecture by analyzing the different components of these monuments. Moreover, it is then possible to describe monoliths according to their place within the monument and their geological and geomorphological features. Our work has led us to consider the symbolic aspect expressed in the megalithic architecture of Menjez. Employing this groundbreaking methodology not only yields concrete answers regarding the typology of these monuments but also dramatically reshapes our perception of their construction. It establishes a precise relative chronology for the various architectural phases and, most significantly, reveals the hidden details of the raw material supply chain.

eng
Keywords
  • Levant
  • Lebanon
  • Menjez
  • Late Chalcolithic
  • Early Bronze Age
  • Megaliths
  • Buildings archaeology
  • Geoarchaeology
  • Methodology
Citation (ISO format)
DEFOURS, Meryl, COUSSEAU, Florian, STEIMER, Tara. The Levantine Megalithic Building Techniques: A Groundbreaking Method Applied to Menjez’s Monuments (Akkar, Lebanon) from the 4th–3rd Millennium BCE. In: Journal of archaeological method and theory, 2024. doi: 10.1007/s10816-024-09654-9
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1072-5369
14views
1downloads

Technical informations

Creation06/04/2024 8:29:40 AM
First validation06/04/2024 11:57:02 AM
Update time06/04/2024 11:57:02 AM
Status update06/04/2024 11:57:02 AM
Last indexation06/04/2024 11:57:23 AM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack