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Scientific article
Review
English

Challenges of antimicrobial stewardship among older adults

Publication date2024-02
Abstract

Older adults hospitalized in internal medicine wards or long-term care facilities (LTCF) are progressively increasing. Older adults with multimorbidity are more susceptible to infections, as well as to more vulnerable to adverse effects (and interactions) of antibiotics, resulting in a need for effective and safer strategies for antimicrobial stewardship (ASM), both in hospitalization wards and long-term care facilities. Studies on antimicrobial stewardship in older patients are scarce and guidelines are required. Given the peculiarities of the optimization of antimicrobial prescription in individual older adults for common infections, tactics to overcome barriers need an update. The use of rapid diagnosis tests, biomarkers, de-escalation and switching from intravenous to oral/subcutaneous therapy strategies are examples of successful AMS interventions. AMS interventions are associated with reduced side effects, lower mortality, shorter hospital stays, and reduced costs. The proposed AMS framework in LTCF should focus on five domains: strategic vision, team, interventions, patient-centred care and awareness. Internists can partner with geriatrists, pharmacists and infectious disease specialists to address barriers and to improve patient care.

eng
Keywords
  • Aging
  • Antimicrobial optimization
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Elderly
  • Long-term care facilities
Citation (ISO format)
ALVES, Joana et al. Challenges of antimicrobial stewardship among older adults. In: European journal of internal medicine, 2024. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2024.01.009
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0953-6205
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