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Scientific article
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English

Full-body kinematics and head stabilisation strategies during walking in patients with chronic unilateral and bilateral vestibulopathy

Published inScientific reports, vol. 14, no. 1, 11757
Publication date2024-05-23
First online date2024-05-23
Abstract

Chronic imbalance is a frequent and limiting symptom of patients with chronic unilateral and bilateral vestibulopathy. A full-body kinematic analysis of the movement of patients with vestibulopathy would provide a better understanding of the impact of the pathology on dynamic tasks such as walking. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the global body movement during walking, its variability (assessed with the GaitSD), and the strategies to stabilise the head (assessed with the head Anchoring Index). The full-body motion capture data of 10 patients with bilateral vestibulopathy (BV), 10 patients with unilateral vestibulopathy (UV), and 10 healthy subjects (HS) walking at several speeds (slow, comfortable, and fast) were analysed in this prospective cohort study. We observed only a few significant differences between groups in parts of the gait cycle (shoulder abduction–adduction, pelvis rotation, and hip flexion–extension) during the analysis of kinematic curves. Only BV patients had significantly higher gait variability (GaitSD) for all three walking speeds. Head stabilisation strategies depended on the plan of motion and walking speed condition, but BV and UV patients tended to stabilise their head in relation to the trunk and HS tended to stabilise their head in space. These results suggest that GaitSD could be a relevant biomarker of chronic instability in BV and that the head Anchoring Index tends to confirm clinical observations of abnormal head-trunk dynamics in patients with vestibulopathy while walking.

eng
Keywords
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bilateral Vestibulopathy / physiopathology
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Gait / physiology
  • Head / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postural Balance / physiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Walking / physiology
Citation (ISO format)
GROUVEL, Gautier et al. Full-body kinematics and head stabilisation strategies during walking in patients with chronic unilateral and bilateral vestibulopathy. In: Scientific reports, 2024, vol. 14, n° 1, p. 11757. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-62335-1
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ISSN of the journal2045-2322
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